Acne scars can be frustrating and may shatter your confidence. But there is nothing to worry about as they can be treated.
Are you also worried about your acne scars and want to get rid of them? In this article, we will discuss some of the best treatment for acne scars that will improve the overall texture of your skin and reduces blemishes.
What causes acne scars?
Our skin is made up of tiny pores that often get clogged by bacteria, oil, dirt, and dead skin cells due to which acne occurs. Acne scars are produced as a result of inflammation of acne blemishes. Typically, an acne pore swells up and breakdown the walls surrounding the pore leading to the formation of a lesion. If the damage in the wall of the pore is deep and the contents spread to surrounding tissue then it causes deeper scars. To repair this damage, our skin starts producing new collagen fibres but they aren’t as smooth as the original skin.
What are the types of acne?
Understanding the types of acne is important to ensure the successful clearing of the skin. Acne can be non-inflammatory or inflammatory.
The non-inflammatory acne i.e., whiteheads and blackheads heal smoothly whereas inflammatory acne causes infection deep under the skin and leads to scarring. The subtypes of inflammatory acne are:
Papules: These are painful pink bumps formed on the skin due to severe inflammation around your poles
Pustules: These are pus-filled lesions that have whiteheads on top
Nodules: Nodules cause much deeper inflammation in the skin as compared to papules and pustules. These solid lesions usually require prescription medicine for treatment.
Cysts: These are extremely painful lesions that occur due to severe and deeper infections in the skin. They are most likely to scar.
The effective and best treatment for acne scars
There are multiple acne scar treatment and the results of each treatment may vary from person to person depending upon their skin type, and severity of the scarring. For instance, some individuals may see effective results after a single procedure while others may need two or more different types of procedures to improve skin appearance.
Following are some of the best treatments for acne scars:
Soft tissue fillers
This acne scar treatment involves the injection of collagen, fat, or other substances under the skin so that the scars become less noticeable. The drawback of this procedure is that it requires repeated treatments and it may also change the colour of your skin.
In this method, the steroids are injected into a raised scar which flattens the scar and improves the overall appearance of your skin.
Laser resurfacing works by delivering the heat directly to the scarred collagen under the skin which promotes collagen production and the growth of new skin cells. It lessens fine lines and improves the complexion and the appearance of skin. Laser resurfacing is of two types: Ablative and non-ablative.
Microdermabrasion is a facial rejuvenation procedure that uses a tool or device to remove the outer layer of the skin. The surface scars are removed completely and the skin appears much clearer. It is usually done for less severe scarring
In this method, a special chemical solution is applied to the scarred tissue which will remove the upper layer of the skin. Once the top layer is removed, the new skin that grows is smoother. It works best for wrinkles, discoloration, and scars.
Based on its depth, a chemical peel is classified as:
Light Chemical peel – It removes the outer layer of skin (epidermis)
Medium chemical peel – It removes skin cells from the epidermis and some portion of your middle layer of skin (dermis)
Deep chemical peel – It removes skin even deeper.
Micro-needling is a cosmetic procedure that involves the injection of tiny sterilised needles into the skin to stimulate collagen production. It is done to treat various scars, large pores, stretch marks, wrinkles, and alopecia.
In this procedure, the doctor cuts and releases the scar tissues underneath your scars by using subcision needles. No stitches are required.
When it comes to acne laser treatment, patience is the key. It is because some treatments may show results immediately while others may require a few months. The selection of acne scar treatment is based on your skin type and the nature of your acne scars. To find out which procedure will work best for your skin, you must consult your dermatologist.